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Getting Started with Nuxi (Nuxt CLI)

Getting Started with Nuxi (Nuxt CLI)

Charles Allotey
Charles Allotey
November 2nd 2022

Nuxt 3 comes with tons of features to improve performance and developer experience of Vue.js apps. A Nuxt CLI (nicknamed Nuxi) was introduced to provide a no dependency experience for easily scaffolding your Nuxt projects.

This article seeks to explore Nuxi and introduce you to some of its features. I will also demonstrate how to use some of the commands offered by Nuxi.

Nuxi Installation

Prerequisites

Let’s start with the requirements. Nuxi runs with Nuxt.js 3 which requires Node.js 16.11+ versions.

You can install the latest version of Node.js in various ways:

  • By downloading the binaries for your system from the official website.
  • By using the official package manager for your system.
  • Using a version manager. This is probably the easiest way, as it allows you to manage multiple versions of Node on the same machine. I prefer nvm due to its awesome functionality.

With our required Node.js version installed, let’s jump right into seeing Nuxi in action.

Useful Commands

Creating a Nuxt Project

We can create a new Nuxt 3 project with the nuxi init command

//npm
npx nuxi init nuxi-tutorial

//pnpm
pnpm dlx nuxi init nuxi-tutorial

Note: nuxi-tutorial is the the name of our test project so can be replaced with any name you see fit.

we can also add optional flags to our nuxi init command like:

  • --template : to specify a template name or git repository as a template
  • --offline : to only use our local cache

Nuxi Add

The Nuxi add command usually adds a template of a file to your Nuxt project. This can either be a page, composable, plugin, or middleware.

npx nuxi add [--cwd] [--force] <TEMPLATE> <NAME>

cwd : current working directory which is the path you will like the file to be created. This is optional

—force: override file if file already exists (optional)

TEMPLATE: type of file (page, plugin, component etc)

NAME: name of file

Now let’s try some examples;

  • Add a header component
npx nuxi add component TheNavbar

This creates a new component in our components folder with name TheHeader.vue

  • Add a new page
# Generates `pages/about.vue`
npx nuxi add page about

# Generates `pages/category/[id].vue`
npx nuxi add page "category/[id]"

Notice how we have to put our dynamic routes in quotes.

Since our pages folder is not created on initial creation of our project. Nuxi creates our pages folder before creating our about and category/id routes.

  • Add a composable
npx nuxi add composable foo

A composable foo.ts is created in our composables directory.

  • Add a middleware
npx nuxi add middleware auth

A middleware/auth.ts file is generated.

Nuxi analyze

npx nuxi analyze

Nuxi analyze is an experimental feature that builds your Nuxt app and analyses the production bundle. After running the nuxi analyze command, a local server is created to view your bundles.

The above image is a visual representation of your production bundles viewed on our created local server. You can then analyse your bundles and optimize them as you can. All this may look overwhelming at the beginning but the larger the rectangle, the bigger part of the bundle that dependency is and may affect performance.

Nuxi build

npx nuxi build 

The build command creates a .output  directory with all your application, server and dependencies ready for production. It also creates a dist directory which is a symlink to .output. This is for no config compatibility with some hosting providers like Netlify.

Nuxi cleanup

npx nuxi cleanup [rootDir]

The nuxi cleanup command removes common generated Nuxt files and caches, including:

  • .nuxt
  • .output
  • node_modules/.vite
  • node_modules/.cache

This is useful when you may having an unexpected bug or may want to have a fresh build for production.

Nuxi dev

npx nuxi dev 

This command is usually called to start our Nuxt project on the development server which is by default [localhost:3000](http://localhost:3000) . We can then add other optional flags to nuxi dev like;

  • -p/-port : to listen to a specific port
  • —https : to listen on a https protocol
  • —dotenv : to point to a .env file to load

Nuxi upgrade

npx nuxi upgrade

The upgrade command upgrades our Nuxt application to the latest Nuxt 3 version.

Nuxi generate

npx nuxi generate

With the nuxi generate command, we can build our Nuxt applications to static HTML pages. This is useful when we want to deploy our Nuxt application to static hosting services like Netlify and Vercel. Follow this link find out more about Static Site Generation with Nuxt 3.

Conclusion

Hope you enjoyed reading this article on Nuxi. Nuxi provides us with so many commands and options to improve our Nuxt.js experience. I have mentioned a few of these commands with some optional flags you can attach.

Our Mastering Nuxt 3 course is the best material out there to know everything about Nuxi and how to use these awesome commands.

Start learning Vue.js for free

Charles Allotey
Charles Allotey
Charles is a Junior frontend Developer at Vueschool. Has a passion for building great experiences and products using vue.js and Nuxt.js.

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